Cities across the globe pledged on Monday to use their post-pandemic recovery plans to bolster ways to adapt to the growing risks posed by climate change.
The 1000 Cities Adapt Now initiative, launched by several non-governmental organizations and a U.N. agency, will initially start operating in 100 urban areas but eventually expand to 1,000, organizers said at the opening of the two-day virtual Climate Adaptation Summit.
The project was developed amid concern that adaptation had received relatively weaker attention in the international climate discussion, and it will now use the issue to drive an inclusive and resilient post-pandemic recovery, according to a joint statement on the initiative.
"After COVID, we need a green recovery led by cities," said Andy Burnham, mayor of Britain's Manchester, addressing a summit mayors forum.
"Given what we all lived through over the past year, I think people are more open to make change to the way we live, the way we work and the way we move around."
Manchester and other members of the 1000 Cities project pledged to combine these two efforts first to focus "immediate benefits" on the most vulnerable communities, including through job creation.
"All city leaders were urging work on a resilient recovery, to work on an economic recovery but one that includes adaptation, justice and equity," said Arnoud Molenaar, chief resilience officer for Rotterdam.
Amid the coronavirus pandemic, all corners of city life - from home to office, park to pub - are undergoing a reboot, with some cities increasing parkland, others cycle lanes, and flats redesigned to work at home.
The scope of the latest initiative, which was launched in the Dutch port city of Rotterdam, is far broader than the pandemic recovery, too.
Over the coming decade, its work will also prioritize water resilience - how to deal with stormwater, how to prepare for drought - as well as using natural systems to safeguard cities from the effects of climate change, such as reinforcing coastal areas with reefs and mangroves.
But beyond these more traditional safeguards, the pandemic has boosted awareness of the vulnerability of cities to sudden health crises, said Katharine Burgess, vice president of urban resilience at Washington think tank Urban Land Institute.
"It's made it more clear that society needs to be ready for major disruptions," she told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.
Burgess and her colleagues last week co-published a global report on emerging best practices among cities implementing climate-planning measures, and she noted growing evidence of the broader knock-on benefits of city spending on resilience projects.
In southern Florida, highly vulnerable to sea level rise, community-wide schemes offered an average 2-to-1 return on investment, Burgess said, citing impacts on job creation, property preservation, property taxes and more.
Cities are now hoping to use the pandemic's devastation to help officials focus on strengthening their communities for the long term.
"Seventeen million inhabitants in Istanbul currently fear they'll run out of water while coping with the COVID crisis," Mark Watts, executive director of the non profit C40 Cities, told the virtual summit, referring to severe water shortages in Turkey's most populated city.
"The recovery from COVID really builds the foundation for resilience everywhere."